The Baltic Crusades were a series of military campaigns commencing in 1147 and ending in 1505, targeting the pagans living in the Baltic region.  

Join me as we take a look at one of the lesser-known series of crusades...

  1. Northern Europe in 814
  2. 220px Braunschweig Brunswick Heinrich der Loewe Dom 2005

    Episode 190 The Baltic Crusades

    The Wendish Crusade I - Henry the Lion

     

    Here is a statue which is thought to represent the Duke of Saxony - Henry the Lion.  Located in Braunschweig Cathedral in Germany.

  3. Episode 191 The Baltic Crusades

    The Wendish Crusade II - Wrong bird!

  4. 1024px Caspar David Friedrich The Abbey in the Oakwood WGA08240

    Episode 192 The Baltic Crusades

    The Wendish Crusade III - In the shadow of the Crusade

     

     

    This bleak painting is by 19th century German artist Caspar David Friedrich.  He was raised on the shores of the Baltic Sea and I think it nicely depicts the difficulty of establishing churches in pagan lands prior to the Baltic Crusades 

  5. 240px Codex Manesse Tannhauser

    Episode 193 The Baltic Crusades

    The Teutonic Knights

     

    Here is a picture of a man wearing the habit of the Teutonic Order (from the Codex Manesse)

  6. MieszkoDagome

    Episode 194 The Baltic Crusades

    The Christianisation of Poland.

     

    Here is a nice portrait of Mieszko I of Poland - unfortunately it may not be terribly accurate as it was painted (by Jan Matejko) around 900 years after his death.

  7. 800px Lubeck panorama

    Episode 195 The Baltic Crusade

    The Livonian Crusade I - Latin-Christian expansion.

     

    Here is an aerial view of the old town of Lübeck, established prior to the Livonian Crusade.

  8. Episode 196 The Baltic Crusades

    The Livonian Crusade II - An unpromising start.

  9. 800px Albert of Riga

    Episode 197 The Baltic Crusades

    The Livonian Crusade III - Bishop Albert

     

    Here's a statue of Bishop Albert on the facade of the Cathedral in Riga, Latvia.

  10. 240px LivoniaKnight

    Episode 198 The Baltic Crusades

    The Livonian Crusade IV - The Swordbrothers

     

    Here is a picture of a Teutonic Knight and a Swordbrother.  The Swordbrother is on the right, striking a superhero pose.